Vande Mataram National Song Of India

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Vande Mataram National Song Of India

Vande Mataram, the national song of India, holds significant cultural and historical importance in the country. This article delves into the origins and evolution of Vande Mataram, exploring its deep-rooted connection with Indian nationalism. We will examine its lyrical beauty and patriotic fervor that has made it a symbol of unity among Indians throughout history. Additionally, we will discuss the controversies surrounding Vande Mataram and how it continues to evoke strong emotions within society. Join us as we unravel the story behind this iconic anthem that resonates deeply with millions of Indians across generations.

History of the National Song of India

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay/Chatterjee authored the initial rendition of Vande Mataram.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay had an avid interest in recent events in Indian and Bengali history particularly the revolt of 1857 and the Sanyasi rebellion which had happened a century before. During his time as a government official in 1876, the colonial administration was trying to promote “God Save the Queen” as the national anthem of British India. Needless to say, the vast majority of the Indian nationalists were against such a move. Thus Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote a poem which would capture the rich cultural history of India while keeping its core identity intact.

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Vande Mataram was composed by him in Chinsura (Chuchura), where there is a white house belonging to the Adhya Family located near the Hooghly River (near Mallik Ghat).

Chattopadhyay composed the poem in a spontaneous gathering, incorporating words from Sanskrit and Bengali. It was later published in his book Anandamath (pronounced Anondomôţh in Bengali) in 1882, which narrates the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion. Soon after its creation, Jadunath Bhattacharya was requested to create a melody for this poem.

The credit for the contemporary rendition of Vande Mataram goes to V. D. Paluskar, who established the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal.

On 24 January 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted “Vande Mataram” as a national song. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”. However, the Constitution of India does not have any mention of “national song”.

Lyrics of the National Song

  1. The National song of India, Vande Mataram is considered as the foundation of encouragement to the people in their struggle for freedom. The National song of India is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages by Bankim Chandra Chatterji.
  2. The former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on January 24, 1950, came up with a declaration in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which had played a significant part in the historic freedom struggle held in India, should be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and must give equal status with it.
  3. The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion.
  4. The first translation of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s novel Anand Math, comprising the poem Vande Mataram, into English was done by Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, in 1906.
  5. 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is the first political event when the National song was sung. The national song of India was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore session on the same occasion.
  6. In 1905, Poet Sarala Devi Chaudurani sang the national song in the Benares Congress Session.
  7. From Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai published a journal called Vande Mataram
  8. In 1905, Vande Mataram was recited in the first political film made by Hiralal Sen
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How long does Vande Mataram last?


– Bankimchandra Chatterjee wrote the lyrics for this song.

– The Sanskrit language was used to compose the lyrics.

– This novel was published in 1882.

Vande Mataram: National Song of India – Frequently Asked Questions

Ans. The Indian National Song, ‘Vande Mataram’ was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.

Q 2. In what year was the National Song first sung in India?

The inaugural event where the National Song of India was performed publicly took place during the 1896 gathering of the Indian National Congress.

The meaning of a national song

The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana-mana.

What is the function of a national anthem?

This revered anthem reflects the history, traditions, and composite culture of India in its entirety. It encapsulates the diverse tapestry of languages, religions, customs, and beliefs that coexist harmoniously within the country. The words resonate with deep meaning as they pay homage to Mother India and celebrate her unity amidst diversity.

P.S: The national anthem holds such significance in Indian society that it is sung with great reverence on various occasions including Independence Day celebrations, Republic Day parades, school assemblies, sporting events, and public gatherings across the nation. Its melodious tune coupled with heartfelt emotions instills a sense of belongingness among Indians from all walks of life.

Author of Vande Mataram song?

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, a renowned Indian writer and poet, composed the national song of India known as Vande Mataram. This iconic song originated from a poem written in Sanskrit by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee within his Bengali novel called Anandamath. The powerful words and patriotic sentiments expressed in Vande Mataram resonated deeply with the people of India, leading to its eventual adoption as the National Song.

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The historical background of Vande Mataram

Vande Mataram is a patriotic song that was instrumental in the Indian independence movement. Rabindranath Tagore sang it for the first time in a political context at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. The first two verses of the song were designated as India’s official “National Song” in 1950.

Comparing Vande Mataram and Jana Gana Mana

Vande Mataram holds the esteemed position of being the National Song of India, a patriotic composition penned by Bankimchandra Chatterji. This iconic song has played a significant role in inspiring and uniting Indians throughout history. Its lyrics are imbued with deep love for the motherland and evoke feelings of national pride among its citizens.

When was Vande Mataram first sung?

– It is a patriotic song expressing love for India.