The Iconic National Song of India: Vande Mataram

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National Song Of India Vande Mataram

Vande Mataram (Vande Mātaram, also spelt Bande Mataram, Bônde Mātôrôm, transl. I praise you, Motherland) is a poem written in Sanskrit and Sanskritised Bengali by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (also Chatterjee) CIE (26 or

The National Song of India: A Historical Perspective

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay/Chatterjee penned the initial rendition of Vande Mataram.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay had an avid interest in recent events in Indian and Bengali history particularly the revolt of 1857 and the Sanyasi rebellion which had happened a century before. During his time as a government official in 1876, the colonial administration was trying to promote “God Save the Queen” as the national anthem of British India. Needless to say, the vast majority of the Indian nationalists were against such a move. Thus Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote a poem which would capture the rich cultural history of India while keeping its core identity intact.

Vande Mataram was composed by him in Chinsura (Chuchura), where a white house belonging to the Adhya Family can be found near the Hooghly River (close to Mallik Ghat).

Chattopadhyay composed the poem spontaneously, incorporating words from Sanskrit and Bengali. It was later published in his book Anandamath (pronounced Anondomôţh in Bengali) in 1882, which narrates the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion. Shortly after its creation, Jadunath Bhattacharya was requested to compose a melody for this poem.

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The credit for the contemporary rendition of Vande Mataram goes to V. D. Paluskar, who established both the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal.

On 24 January 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted “Vande Mataram” as a national song. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”. However, the Constitution of India does not have any mention of “national song”.

Vande Mataram: The National Song of India

  1. The National song of India, Vande Mataram is considered as the foundation of encouragement to the people in their struggle for freedom. The National song of India is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages by Bankim Chandra Chatterji.
  2. The former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on January 24, 1950, came up with a declaration in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which had played a significant part in the historic freedom struggle held in India, should be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and must give equal status with it.
  3. The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion.
  4. The first translation of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s novel Anand Math, comprising the poem Vande Mataram, into English was done by Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, in 1906.
  5. 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is the first political event when the National song was sung. The national song of India was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore session on the same occasion.
  6. In 1905, Poet Sarala Devi Chaudurani sang the national song in the Benares Congress Session.
  7. From Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai published a journal called Vande Mataram
  8. In 1905, Vande Mataram was recited in the first political film made by Hiralal Sen

The National Anthem of India: What is it?

Vande Mataram is a patriotic song that holds great significance for the people of India. It was composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji, who wrote it in Sanskrit, one of the ancient languages of India. The lyrics of this song express deep love and respect for the motherland.

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During the struggle for freedom from British rule, Vande Mataram became a powerful symbol of unity and resistance among Indians. The words and melody resonated with the hearts of many, motivating them to fight against oppression and strive towards achieving independence.

Overall, Vande Mataram served as an anthem that inspired and uplifted people during their quest for freedom. Its message of devotion to the country touched countless souls and continues to be cherished as a national treasure even today.

FAQs on National Song of India – Vande Mataram

Ans. The Indian National Song, ‘Vande Mataram’ was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.

Q 2. In which year was Vande Mataram first sung as the National Song of India?

The National Song of India, Vande Mataram, was first sung during the 1896 gathering of the Indian National Congress, marking a significant political event.

The importance of the Vande Mataram song

The first verse is sung as a stanza, while the second verse is spoken. The lyrics are deeply rooted in patriotism and express reverence for Motherland India. “Vande Mataram” translates to “I bow to thee, Mother” and encapsulates the love and respect Indians have for their country.

With its powerful lyrics and melodious composition by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Vande Mataram resonated with millions who yearned for self-rule. Its popularity grew rapidly among activists who used it as a rallying cry during protests against British oppression.

Post-independence, when drafting the Constitution of independent India was underway, there was a need to choose national symbols that would reflect unity amidst diversity. Recognizing its deep-rooted connection with Indian culture and history, the Constituent Assembly adopted Vande Mataram as the National Song alongside Jana Gana Mana (the National Anthem) on January 24th, 1950.

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What is the name of the national song?

The song Jana-gana-mana, composed originally in Bangla by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on January 24, 1950.

The founder of Vande Mataram

Lala Lajpat Rai, an eminent freedom fighter and social reformer, founded Vande Mataram with the aim to provide a platform for expressing nationalist ideas and promoting unity among Indians. The newspaper served as a powerful medium to disseminate information about the ongoing freedom movement and inspire citizens to actively participate in it.

The publication of Vande Mataram not only provided news updates but also featured articles written by prominent leaders advocating for independence. These writings instilled courage and determination in readers while fostering nationalistic fervor. Through its pages, Vande Mataram encouraged citizens to unite against oppression and work towards achieving self-rule.

Distinguishing Vande Mataram from the national anthem

On the other hand, we have another patriotic composition called “Vande Mataram,” which is considered to be the National Song of India. This stirring song was penned by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in Sanskritized Bengali during the late 1870s. Its title translates to “I bow to thee Mother” or “Hail to thee Motherland.”

Who is correct about the national song of India?

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, a renowned Indian author, composed the national song of India known as Vande Mataram. This iconic poem was originally written in Sanskrit and featured in his Bengali novel Anandamath. Over time, it gained immense popularity and eventually became the National Song of our country.

Author of our Indian national song?

Rabindra Nath Tagore composed the National Anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”. It was originally written in Bengali Sanskrit and was adopted from a Brahmo Hymn written by him.