Composer of the National Song of India

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Who Composed The National Song Of India

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (also Chatterjee) CIE (26 or

History of the National Song of India

The initial rendition of Vande Mataram was penned by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay/Chatterjee, an Indian writer.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay had an avid interest in recent events in Indian and Bengali history particularly the revolt of 1857 and the Sanyasi rebellion which had happened a century before. During his time as a government official in 1876, the colonial administration was trying to promote “God Save the Queen” as the national anthem of British India. Needless to say, the vast majority of the Indian nationalists were against such a move. Thus Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote a poem which would capture the rich cultural history of India while keeping its core identity intact.

The composition of Vande Mataram took place in Chinsura (also known as Chuchura), where a white house belonging to the Adhya Family can be found near the Hooghly River, close to Mallik Ghat.

Chattopadhyay composed the poem in a spontaneous gathering, blending Sanskrit and Bengali words. It was later published in his book Anandamath (pronounced Anondomôţh) in 1882, which narrates the Sannyasi Rebellion. Soon after its creation, Jadunath Bhattacharya was approached to create a melody for this poem.

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V. D. Paluskar, the founder of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal, is recognized as the composer of the contemporary rendition of Vande Mataram that we hear today.

On 24 January 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted “Vande Mataram” as a national song. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”. However, the Constitution of India does not have any mention of “national song”.

Composer of the Indian National Song

  1. The National song of India, Vande Mataram is considered as the foundation of encouragement to the people in their struggle for freedom. The National song of India is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages by Bankim Chandra Chatterji.
  2. The former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on January 24, 1950, came up with a declaration in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which had played a significant part in the historic freedom struggle held in India, should be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and must give equal status with it.
  3. The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion.
  4. The first translation of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s novel Anand Math, comprising the poem Vande Mataram, into English was done by Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, in 1906.
  5. 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is the first political event when the National song was sung. The national song of India was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore session on the same occasion.
  6. In 1905, Poet Sarala Devi Chaudurani sang the national song in the Benares Congress Session.
  7. From Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai published a journal called Vande Mataram
  8. In 1905, Vande Mataram was recited in the first political film made by Hiralal Sen
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Composer of the Indian song


– Vande Mataram: National song of India

– Jana Gana Mana: National anthem of India

– Written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay: Vande Mataram

Who Wrote the National Song of India: Commonly Asked Questions

Ans. The Indian National Song, ‘Vande Mataram’ was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.

Q 2. When was the National Song of India first performed?

The National Song of India was first sung during the 1896 gathering of the Indian National Congress, marking a significant political event.

First person to sing the National Anthem of India?

Tagore’s niece, Sarala Devi Chowdhurani, sang the song, along with a few school students, in front of the gathering of the then INC president Bishan Narayan Dhar and other leaders such as Bhupendra Nath Bose and Ambika Charan Mazumder.

Composition date of the national song of India?

Praise You, Motherland” is a renowned poem composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s. Originally written in Sanskrit and Sanskritised Bengali, this patriotic piece gained significant recognition. In fact, its first two verses were officially adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by the Congress.

Which individual has created the highest number of songs in India?

Ilaiyaraaja, a renowned music composer, is often referred to as Raasayya and widely known as Isaignani. Over the years, he has created an impressive repertoire of more than 8,500 songs. His contributions to the Indian music industry are immense and highly valued.

Throughout his career spanning several decades, Ilaiyaraaja has composed music for various genres including film soundtracks, devotional songs, classical compositions, and folk tunes. His versatility is evident in the diverse range of melodies he has produced over time.

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What is India’s national song?

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay composed “Vande Mataram” as a hymn to honor Mother India. The words beautifully depict the love and reverence for the nation, invoking a sense of pride and unity among Indians. It became an anthem during the freedom struggle against British colonial rule, inspiring countless individuals to fight for independence.

The number of national songs in India

Although both Jana Gana Mana and Vande Mataram represent patriotic sentiments within Indian society, their usage differs on various occasions. Jana Gana Mana is primarily sung during formal events such as government functions or international gatherings where representing national identity is crucial. On the other hand, Vande Mataram is often performed during cultural programs or public rallies to invoke a sense of collective pride among Indians.

The origins of the national anthem

Vande Mataram is a patriotic song that was instrumental in the Indian independence movement. Rabindranath Tagore sang it for the first time in a political context at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. The first two verses of the song were designated as India’s official “National Song” in 1950.