National Song Of India Vande Mataram

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National Song Of India Vande Mataram

The national song of India, Vande Mataram, holds significant cultural and historical importance. It is a patriotic hymn that has been deeply ingrained in the hearts of Indians for centuries. The phrase “Vande Mataram” translates to “I bow to thee, Mother” in English, symbolizing reverence towards the motherland. This article explores the origins, meaning, and significance of Vande Mataram as an iconic anthem that resonates with the spirit of patriotism in India.

The National Song of India: A Historical Overview

The author of the original rendition of Vande Mataram was Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay/Chatterjee.

Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay had an avid interest in recent events in Indian and Bengali history particularly the revolt of 1857 and the Sanyasi rebellion which had happened a century before. During his time as a government official in 1876, the colonial administration was trying to promote “God Save the Queen” as the national anthem of British India. Needless to say, the vast majority of the Indian nationalists were against such a move. Thus Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote a poem which would capture the rich cultural history of India while keeping its core identity intact.

Vande Mataram was composed by him in Chinsura (Chuchura), where there is a white house belonging to the Adhya Family located near the Hooghly River, close to Mallik Ghat.

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Chattopadhyay composed the poem spontaneously, incorporating words from Sanskrit and Bengali. It was later published in his book Anandamath (pronounced Anondomôţh in Bengali) in 1882, which narrates the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion. Soon after its creation, Jadunath Bhattacharya was approached to create a melody for this poem.

The credit for the contemporary rendition of Vande Mataram goes to V. D. Paluskar, who established both the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and Akhil Bharatiya Gandharva Mahavidyalaya Mandal.

On 24 January 1950, the Constituent Assembly of India has adopted “Vande Mataram” as a national song. On the occasion, the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad stated that the song should be honoured equally with the national anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”. However, the Constitution of India does not have any mention of “national song”.

National Anthem of India: Vande Mataram

  1. The National song of India, Vande Mataram is considered as the foundation of encouragement to the people in their struggle for freedom. The National song of India is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages by Bankim Chandra Chatterji.
  2. The former President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on January 24, 1950, came up with a declaration in the Constituent Assembly that the song Vande Mataram, which had played a significant part in the historic freedom struggle held in India, should be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and must give equal status with it.
  3. The song was a part of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s most famous novel Anand Math (1882) which is set in the events of Sannyasi rebellion.
  4. The first translation of Bankim Chandra Chatterji’s novel Anand Math, comprising the poem Vande Mataram, into English was done by Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, in 1906.
  5. 1896 session of the Indian National Congress is the first political event when the National song was sung. The national song of India was first sung by the Rabindranath Tagore session on the same occasion.
  6. In 1905, Poet Sarala Devi Chaudurani sang the national song in the Benares Congress Session.
  7. From Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai published a journal called Vande Mataram
  8. In 1905, Vande Mataram was recited in the first political film made by Hiralal Sen
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National Song of India

Vande Mataram is a powerful and patriotic song that holds great significance for the Indian people. It was composed with the aim to ignite a sense of love and devotion towards our motherland, India. The lyrics of this song are filled with emotions and express deep respect for the nation.

During the struggle for freedom from British rule, Vande Mataram became a symbol of unity and strength among Indians. People would sing this song together at rallies, protests, and gatherings to show their determination to free India from colonial rule. The words of Vande Mataram resonated with millions as they found solace and motivation in its verses.

FAQs on National Song of India – Vande Mataram

Ans. The Indian National Song, ‘Vande Mataram’ was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji.

Q 2. In which year was the National Song of India, Vande Mataram, first sung in the country?

The inaugural event where the National Song of India was sung for the first time in a political setting took place during the 1896 gathering of the Indian National Congress.

The importance of the Vande Mataram song

Vande Mataram is composed in Bengali and consists of two Sanskrit verses. The language used is highly decorative and poetic. When sung, the first verse is treated like a stanza, while the second verse is spoken rather than sung.

The adoption of Vande Mataram as the National Song reflects its deep connection with Indian patriotism and love for their motherland. It serves as an anthem that evokes strong emotions among Indians, reminding them of their unity and shared aspirations for a free nation.

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– In 1950, it was officially declared as the National Song by the Constituent Assembly.

– Composed in Bengali with two Sanskrit verses, it stirs patriotic sentiments among Indians and symbolizes their love for their country.

The founder of Vande Mataram?

– It first appeared in his novel Anandamath and later gained popularity as a rallying cry during the Indian independence movement.

– The song evokes a sense of love, devotion, and reverence towards India as a motherland.

The historical background of Vande Mataram

The words “Vande Mataram” translate to “I bow to thee, Mother” in English. It symbolizes reverence and love for India as a motherland. The song captures the essence of patriotism and evokes strong emotions among Indians even today.

In what year was Vande Mataram written?

Chatterjee grew up in an intellectual environment that greatly influenced his writing career. His father was a government official who encouraged him to pursue education and literature. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee completed his studies in law but found solace in writing poetry and fiction instead.

Distinguishing Vande Mataram from the national anthem

– The National Song: “Vande Mataram” (composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s)

– Fundamental duty according to Article 51A: Honoring and respecting the National anthem